Last Updated: 15/12/2020

The Emerging Challenge of Urban Malaria in Sub-Saharan Africa: an Inquiry of Malaria-Urbanization Dynamics


This project aims to:

  1. investigate the unique contribution and interactions, of individuals, neighborhoods, communities, health systems, and environmental determinants of urban malaria,
  2. review the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of current approaches to malaria control, and
  3. build a detailed predictive model of urban malaria that will serve to rationalize, prioritize, and optimize sustainable and cost-effective control strategies to reduce disease burden.
Principal Investigators / Focal Persons

Marcia C. Castro
Mathieu Maheu-giroux

Rationale and Abstract

Africa is the fastest urbanizing continent in the world and its urban population is expected to double between 2000 and 2030. More than 60% of these urban citizens, however, inhabit areas of informal settlements characterized by poor housing, lack of sanitation, and deficient drainage of surface water. Such conditions are potentially conducive to malaria transmission. In fact, the incidence of malaria has risen dramatically in urban centers of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in recent decades. The emerging challenge of urban malaria in SSA calls for integrated multi-sectored prevention and control strategies but current understanding of the malaria-urbanization dynamics is limited. 


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