Last Updated

16 Jul 2021

From Malaria Control to Elimination in China


The overall goal was to reduce to zero the locally contracted malaria cases in China by the end of 2015 (except in some border counties in Yunnan and Tibet).

Rationale and Abstract

The programme covered 762 counties with high and low malaria incidence, in 20 provinces of China (ref). The main strategies were:

  1. to ensure access to early, accurate diagnosis and proper treatment to malaria patients through the public and private sectors;
  2. to ensure full coverage of the population at risk with appropriate vector control measures;
  3. to strengthen malaria health education, promotion and community mobilization efforts and change behaviour;
  4. to ensure comprehensive coverage of vulnerable, poor and marginalized populations who are at risk of malaria, including malaria interventions for international migrants;
  5. to strengthen the malaria surveillance system by improving case reporting, passive and active case detection (once per month during the transmission season), entomological and antimalarial resistance monitoring, and ensuring adequate outbreak response capability; and
  6. to provide effective program management.