Targeting malaria infection and artemisinin resistance in formal/ informal border points on the Cambodia-Laos border
The overall goal of this project is to estimate the impact of migrant populations on the spread of malaria and artemisinin resistance in the Greater Mekong Subregion, especially along the Cambodia-Laos border. The project will also support the National Malaria Programme to strengthen surveillance methods for elimination of malaria and drug-resistant parasites.
- To characterise the use of informal border points along the Cambodia-Laos border and assess the importance of these crossing points in the spread of malaria, including artemisinin-resistant malaria.
- To suggest, based on real evidence, an optimal method of surveillance to target populations crossing informal border points between Cambodia and Laos.
- To develop and distribute appropriate behaviour change communication materials to optimally improve awareness of malaria, malaria prevention methods and available services to migrant groups that cross the border.
- To identify specific risk factors among populations crossing both the formal and informal borders, allowing project staff to help authorities decide who at the border should be tested for malaria parasites.
- To inform and engage border police personnel in all proposed activities, introduce regular malaria testing of personnel and subsequent reporting of positive cases to the national malaria information system.
- To report all diagnosed malaria cases to the malaria information system in Cambodia.
In order to gain knowledge on the unofficial border crossing sites and how they may contribute to the spread of malaria and artemisinin resistance, two approaches will be used:
1) screening of border crossers at border crossing points, and
2) using mobile malaria workers (MMW) to screen individuals at plantations and farms known to have crossed the border within the previous two weeks