The socio-territorial construction of inequalities: territorial diagnosis as a decision aid tool – COheSIoN
Through a multidisciplinary approach, this project aims to:
- describe the past and present process of urbanization in Bouaké with a
- research malaria risk factors and their combinations in sub-spaces illustrating urban diversity; and
- study the socio-territorial constructions of health in the same urban sub-areas to understand how they affect the dynamics of the disease.
Urbanization is one of the most striking phenomena of recent decades and affects the African continent, as more than half of its population is expected to live in cities by 2030. In the current difficult economic, the inevitable urbanization remains poorly controlled, which is not without consequence on the well-being of the populations. In fact, cities have become the cradle of inequalities of all kinds. Urban dwellers in African cities face housing, transport and work difficulties, living in places where they are exposed to risks associated with lack of sanitation, difficulties in supplying drinking water, lack of care facilities, etc.
While the link between the environment and health has long been recognized, it is also known that the ways in which the territories are organized, equipped, managed and appropriated, how actors, city dwellers, local authorities act, appropriate and transform their territories can also have an effect on health.
However, relations between the city and health are far from being formalized at the political level: urban planners take little account of the health needs of the populations, while health policies neglect the city.
Proposing a territorial diagnosis of Bouaké, the second city of Côte d'Ivoire, in the midst of changes following the socio-political crisis of the previous decade, thus appears as a means of approaching the issue of urban inequalities from the perspective of health which is known to be the cause and consequence of development.